Nefarious bots are at the crux of fake news. Sybil attacks frustrate pseudonymous democratic participation. Can we create proofs of humanness and uniqueness while preserving privacy and personal security?
If the modern ‘problem of identity’ was how to construct an identity and keep it solid and stable, the postmodern ‘problem of identity’ is primarily how to avoid fixation and keep the options open. (Bauman 2011)